The A1425 AC-coupled Hall-effect sensor IC is a monolithic integrated circuit that switches in response to changing differential magnetic fields created by rotating ring magnets and, when coupled with a magnet, by ferrous targets. The device is a true zero-crossing detector: the output switches precisely when the difference in magnetic field strength between the two Hall elements is zero. A unique dual-comparator scheme provides for accurate switching at the zero crossing on both the positive and negative-going regions of the differential signal, while utilizing hysteresis to prevent false switching. The zero-crossing nature of this device provides excellent repeatability and accuracy for crankshaft applications.
Changes in field strength at the device face, which are induced by a moving target, are sensed by the two integrated Hall transducers. The transducers generate signals that are differentially amplified by on-chip electronics. This differential design provides immunity to radial vibration within the operating air gap range of the A1425, by rejection of the common mode signal. Steady-state magnet and system offsets are eliminated using an on-chip differential band-pass filter. This filter also provides relative immunity to interference from electromagnetic sources.
The device utilizes advanced temperature compensation for the high-pass filter, sensitivity, and Schmitt trigger switchpoints, to guarantee optimal operation to low frequencies over a wide range of air gaps and temperatures.
Each Hall effect digital integrated circuit includes a voltage regulator, two Hall effect elements, temperature compensating circuitry, a low-level amplifier, band-pass filter, Schmitt trigger, and an output driver, which requires a pull-up resistor. The onboard regulator permits operation with supply voltages from 4.0 to 26.5 V. The output stage can switch 20 mA over the full frequency response range of the device, and is compatible with both TTL and CMOS logic circuits.
The device is packaged in a 4-pin plastic SIP. It is lead (Pb) free, with 100% matte tin plated leadframe.
Allegro’s products are not to be used in any devices or systems, including but not limited to life support devices or systems, in which a failure of Allegro’s product can reasonably be expected to cause bodily harm.
The Hall effect, discovered by E. H. Hall in 1879, is the basis for all Hall-effect devices. When this physical effect is combined with modern integrated circuit (IC) technology, many useful magnetic sensing products are possible. The Hall element, when properly biased, produces an output voltage ...Learn More
One of the common causes of damage to the Allegro™ Hall-effect devices that are magnetically back-biased is from the various leadforming operations performed to prepare the device for final assembly. This application note provides specific information and general ideas to consider when designing ...Learn More